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Where are the Andes Mountains located on the map?

Written by Basant Fawzi

Where are the Andes Mountains located on the map?

The Andes Mountains are huge high mountains that don’t seem to be located during a specific country, but are located in additional than one country, which we are going to study during this topic, as we’ll find out about the environment of the Andes Mountains, and therefore the animal life on them.

Andes Mountains

They do not exist in one country or country as they’re the longest mountain ranges within the world. These mountains extend within the South American continent to suffer many countries, namely Ecuador, Peru, Colombia, Chile, Argentina, Venezuela, and Bolivia.
These mountains are characterized by containing large numbers of volcanoes, most of which are inactive. the very best mountain peaks within the Andes is that the Aconcagua summit on Argentine territory, which is 6.959 m above water level.
In order to understand the situation of the Andes Mountains on the map, it should be noted that this chain of mountains is created from some sequential mountains, and high plateaus of various sizes and slopes, and one amongst the foremost important plateaus of those mountains is that the “Penemont Plateau”.
But generally, these mountain ranges are divided into three main parts: the Andes within the north, the Andes within the middle, and therefore the Andes within the south.
These mountain ranges were formed by the forces of massive formation of some plates of the layer during the Cenozoic, approximately sixty-five million years ago.

Andean Parts

Natural, as we mentioned within the previous paragraph, it consists of three main parts, and that they are as follows:

Andes Mountains Within The South

They are very cheap tall than the remainder of the opposite parts, where the peak of those mountains is 3 km, and that they are located near the southern tip of the continent, and when observing the northern side along the beaches, we are going to find that the peak of the mountain increases.
Where its summit is more high, until you discover that the tops of the mountains are approaching the clouds, and therefore the summit of Aconcajo is that the highest among the opposite peaks on the North and South American continent, located within the Argentine region, which is about 100 km from Santiago, the Chilean capital.

Andes Mountains Within The Middle

It is the broad mountainous a part of the Andes chain, and it’s part that consists of two chains, the primary chain extending from the northwest, and also the second extending from the eastern junction.
Each of them is found within the midst of the high plains and therefore the broad so-called highlands, in both Bolivia and Peru from the western side, and therefore the height of those mountains above water level is approximately 4 km.
The northern Andes range of mountains meets the Western Andes range in Ecuador to attach with one another to make one huge chain, and also the height of the very best peak within the central region of the Andes is 6779 m.
It is called the “Pesis Peak”, then the “Huascaran” summit with a height of 6768 m, the summit of Surata, referred to as the Lambo, with a height of 6485 m, and also the “Sagama” summit with a height of roughly 6542 m.
The Al Yamani summit is 6402 m high, Cotopaxi is 5897 m, and Chimborazo is 6267 m.

Andes Mountains within the North

This region is split into three main natural chains, but the peak of those chains doesn’t reach the peak of the Andes mountains within the southern section, and one chain of them runs along the coast, crossing Colombia to Panama.
The center of the region is thought because the Wasta Chain, which lies between the narrow valley of the Coca River and also the valley called the Magdalena, and also the volcano is found in these mountains referred to as the Tolima volcano.
Which is approximately 5215 m far from water level. As for the chain within the east and also the latter, its direction is towards the northeastern region, where it’s located in Venezuela.

Bioenvironment of the Andes Mountains

The Andes geological formation is characterized by its many bioenvironmental characteristics, because it contains many plants and animals that have adapted to measure within the rugged mountain environment. The Andes Mountains contain nearly 600 species of mammals.
And nearly 600 species of reptiles, nearly one thousand seven hundred species of birds, and 4 hundred species of fish.
In addition to the various kinds of living organisms that are present within the areas of the Andes and are threatened with extinction because of excessive hunting by humans, and also the introduction of various kinds of living organisms into mountain environments.

Animal life within the Andes

The vast area of ​​the Andes Mountains, especially because it passes through the seven countries of the American continent, from north to south; the good role within the wide ecological diversity of animal species, and therefore the most vital mammals found on the Andes Mountains are the following:


It is the animal widely spread in these huge mountain ranges, which ranges long from one to at least one and a half meters approximately, and is characterized by the very fact that its skin is incredibly thick, which enables it against the attack of other predatory animals, and also the average lifespan of this animal is between twenty to 25 years.


It is an animal that’s very closely associated with the Andes, especially because it may be a form of camel, which is one amongst the most sources of meat products within the place, and therefore the length of this animal can reach approximately 1.7 to 1.8 m. It also has a mean lifespan of fifteen to 25 years, and one amongst its most significant features is that it’s a social animal, which lives in an exceedingly peaceful life with other animals.

South America Continent

This continent is one amongst the seven continents within the world, which is found within the middle of the world, and lies within the huge area of ​​it, with a section of ​​more than 17,840,000 square kilometers.

In addition, it’s surrounded by the ocean to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the east and north, and therefore the Caribbean and therefore the North American continent to the northwest.

According to the studies that were prepared in 2018 on the population census within the continent of South America, the population of the continent reached nearly 432 million people, belonging to 12 independent and sovereign countries.

The South American continent also has many geological features, the foremost important of which is that the Andes Mountains, which we talked about within the previous paragraphs.

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Basant Fawzi

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